Received her Bachelor of Laws (Ll.B.) degree from the University of the Philippines in 1997, and her Bachelor of Arts (Journalism) in the same University in 1993 where she graduated cum laude. She obtained her Master of Laws (Ll.M.) degree from the University of Michigan where she attended as a DeWitt fellow in 2000-2001. In the UP College of Law, she was a member of the Editorial Board of the Philippine Law Journal. She also belonged to the honors society and the debating team that participated in the ASEAN Varsities Debate in Malaysia. Formerly an associate lawyer with Castillo Laman Tan Pantaleon & San Jose and a former law clerk for (retired) Associate Justice Vicente V. Mendoza of the Supreme Court of the Philippines, she was admitted to the Philippine Bar in 1998. She recently completed a course on Negotiation of Financial Transactions by the United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR) and attended various seminars in the Philippines and abroad on negotiating power purchase agreements.

Relevant Experiences

  • Acting as local legal consultant in a consortium assisting an international advisory group in the structure and implementation of the program of the Philippine Department of Energy (DOE) to encourage private sector participation (PSP) in the electrification of missionary areas. Work includes the review of Philippine law governing PSPs in infrastructure and energy sectors, providing advice on contractual and regulatory requirements governing rural electrification, and drafting power supply agreements and related contracts to be adopted as template documents by pertinent government agencies and rural distribution utilities.
  • Currently advising an energy development company in relation to the development and implementation of its renewable energy projects in the Philippines. Work includes providing assistance on equity structuring, advice on Philippine law and regulatory requirements governing the energy sector, and drafting and negotiations of project contracts including investment agreements, energy supply and fuel purchase contracts.
  • Acted as local legal advisor assisting the National Transmission Corporation ("TransCo") in its regulatory filings with the Energy Regulatory Commission ("ERC") for the approval of the rules on open access transmission services. Work included the review of existing regulations on transmission service, drafting of the terms and conditions for transmission services, ancillary services, and related agreements, in coordination with foreign legal and technical consultants.
  • Acted as local counsel to the PSALM Corporation ("PSALM") for the privatization of the National Power Corporation ("NPC") and restructuring of the Philippine electricity industry. Work included (i) the review of NPC's power purchase agreements ("PPA") with independent power producers ("IPP") and drafting of amendment agreements, including negotiations and consultations with local and foreign counsels for revisions to the PPAs and related agreements, and (ii) assistance to PSALM in preparing filings with and/or public consultations by the ERC in relation to various regulatory guidelines, such as the Subtransmission Guidelines, Competition Rules, Transmission Wheeling Rates, Universal Charge, and Generation Tariff-Setting Methodology.
  • Acted as local counsel to one of the largest international petroleum companies in relation to its petrochemical project in the Philippines. Work included advising client on matters of Philippine law governing its activities in the country and coordinating with foreign counsel on issues relating to other jurisdictions.
  • Handles public interest litigation and appellate practice, with work involving extensive research and drafting of pleadings filed with the Supreme Court on issues of violations of due process and other substantive rights, and difficult questions of law. Expertise in other areas of public interest law includes family law, children's rights and human rights law, of which she has publications in Philippine legal literature.